Nuclear non proliferation, arms limitation, arms control, deterrence, international security, de-militarization …civilian and government agencies alike have wrestled with how to define and resolve issues of possession and use of nuclear weapons. The issues involve power struggles over which nation can wield the biggest gun: who can have nuclear weapons; how many; how powerful; who decides; and how decisions can be enforced.
The last few years have been a time of unprecedented success in arms control. Over this period, we have seen the cornerstone of our efforts to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons – the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) being an example of this. A significant step towards reducing the over armament of the Cold War was taken when START II was ratified by the US Senate. The signing of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) ended the era of nuclear explosive testing, a goal that had been sought for more than forty years and, most recently, President Clinton and President Yeltsin agreed on a framework for START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) III after START II enters into force. Despite this string of successes, the world remains a dangerous place. The spread of technology has made it possible for dozens of States, many of whom view the United States as an enemy, to seek nuclear, biological or chemical weapons capability.We the Russian federation need assistance in arms reduction and we are confident of its future as have the backing of Mr Blair, who has committed 12 million over the next three years to assist us with the destruction of our chemical weapons stockpile. Mr Blair also met with President Putin at the G8 summit in Okinawa, Japan, where they discussed a method of disposing our stockpile of plutonium and 40, 000 chemical weapons.
As well as success with Britain, president Putin is also making very good progress with the US. The 16th June meeting in Slovenia between US president George. W. Bush and our president Vladimir Putin produced a warm atmosphere between the two men, who met for the first time. President Bush hailed president Putin, as a remarkable person whom he already trusts and with whom he shares many values.
The end of the Cold War left our nation with a huge surplus of nuclear weapons and materials – approximately 1,200 metric tons of highly enriched uranium and 200 metric tons of plutonium. This total potentially translates into more than one hundred thousand nuclear weapons. The amount of material, separate from actual weapons, can be expected to grow as Russia continues to dismantle its nuclear arsenal. Whereas this material was once kept under tight control, the reorganization of its armed forces and its struggling economy have left Russia’s nuclear stockpile considerably less protected than it should be and all our efforts are being concentrated into the protection of this nuclear stockpile.
We are not against nuclear disarmament, we are in fact fully supportive of arms limitation. It is the terrorists, who steel these nuclear warheads who are plaguing the world at present, not us the Russian government. Our need is to pinpoint these troublemakers before the problem gets out of hand.
In addition to the meeting on the 16th June in Slovenia, Bush spoke of ending the suspicion of the cold war era and of forging a partnership between Russia and the US. As well as this he also made a statement, which contradicts many Russia critics, as he spoke of the need for a US anti-missile defence system. President Putin dismissed this proposal, as he pointed out, it would breach the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Bush stated, the treaty is only a Cold-war relic, however president Putin again defended it saying:
Regarding the problem of the anti-missile defence, Russias official position is well-known, and I dont think we should waste time explaining it here one more time. We think that the 1972 ABM defence treaty is the cornerstone of the modern architecture of international security.
This quotation shows ground evidence that president Putin has one aim and one aim only that nuclear disarmament should take heed. President Bush obviously contradicts his nations orthodox view of nuclear disarmament, as hes willing to breach the ABM defense treaty. This only concludes in one thing that my nation is fully supportive of nuclear disarmament and one of its main agendas is to see the world safe of the threats of the cold war.