Teaching career is a specialized profession. In fact, it is an art. Not everyone can become an ideal or effective teacher. There are certain factors attached to it. Teaching career can be categorized starting from primary school teacher up to college/ university professors. The present study discusses the influencing factors for becoming an effective teacher. The path to becoming a university lecturer can be seen as an exciting journey of learning and experience. Although this journey is not smooth, one can still reach the target through hard work and dedication.There are numerous studies that have shown the relationship between teaching career and several factors that affect one’s decision to choose teaching as career path. The first step of becoming a teacher is to gain basic knowledge and attributes by receiving secondary education properly. Furthermore, the actual path to becoming a professor or a university lecturer begins with a bachelor’s degree as tertiary education. According to LHB (2018), the choice of major area plays a vital role in the teaching career because people who wish to become professors need to specialize in a particular area of knowledge. For tertiary education, future professors must enroll themselves in getting at least one post-graduate degree from a well-reputed university. Furthermore, future optimistic lecturers should participate in assistantship or internship program at their university which could earn them more credit hours. To compete for professor positions, hopeful candidates should obtain post-doctoral degree known as Ph.D. This will enhance a person’s knowledge and skills to be certified and widely recognized when publishing academic research work and journals, according to Dr. Hensen (2011). Moreover, wage is also a factor which may inspire many people to become a professor at a renowned school.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in May 2017, the median salary for professors was $76,000 a year, where the less salaried teachers earned $39,000 a year and the high paid professors earned $170,160 a year which gives some people an incentive to apply in teaching sectors. Harris and Sass (2007) state in their published journal about impact of experience in teaching profession that, early career experience has a clear pay-off in any teaching job and the effect is stronger for those who are to apply for professor positions in teaching. Teachers tend to have the most productivity gains during their first few years of teaching job which illustrates the diminishing marginal returns to experience, (Boyd et al. 2007). The teacher in a classroom is not only just an educator but also a listener and a psychology reader of the students. Saunders and Mills (1999) explains, “A teacher’s communication skills can be defined as the transmission of a message that involves the shared understanding between the contexts in which the communication takes place.” Approximately 6.8 million American adults or 3.1 percent of the population, have anxiety disorders in their teaching experiences, in other words, it is called classroom fright, according to a statistical research conducted by Fink (2018). Wal (2015) explains her passion to become a teacher is due to be able to fulfill her thirst and cravings for making a contribution in shaping the world of tomorrow.
This equation has been constructed based on the previous research studies that have been conducted. On the left hand side of the equation there is teaching career and on the right hand side of the equation there are the factors that teaching career depends on. As discussed in the literature review, the variables associated with β_1 up to β_3 has positive correlation with teaching career because those three variables are a must for any career goal. As tertiary education, Masters and Ph.D. degrees are advised to obtain in order to secure a better position in teaching sector and followed by that, internship and teaching experience which are associated with β_5 and β_6 also have a positive correlation with teaching career. The more a person has experience and internship calls the higher chance they get to secure an ideal teaching job. Moreover, the higher the wage, the more incentives people have to join in teaching sectors and therefore, β_(7 )also has a positive effect on teaching career. The parameters, β_8 & β_10 which are associated with effective communication skills and passion are the key variables that levies not only a positive effect on teaching career but also makes a lecturer different from the others. We notice that all the β’s (ranging from 1-10) of the relevant variables have a positive effect on the dependent variable except β_9, which holds a negative sign which means that fear of public speaking has a negative effect on teaching career. Previous articles have shown that one out of four educators face difficulties in speaking confidently while teaching which lead them having to face problems in competitive job field. It is estimated that 75% of all people suffer from fear of public speaking. Moreover, teaching can be sometimes an exhausting job considering the fact that having to deal with a room full of students ranging in diversified manners.
Swenson (2011) conducts statistical research to find the result of Pearson test only to have a negative correlation between classroom community and public speaking. Despite of the fact that sharing knowledge has no age limit, but to capture the reality, in the equation, dummy variable “age” has no significant effect on teaching career if a person’s age is less than 20 years or greater than 70 years. Only people aging from 20 to 70 years can stay in the teaching profession due to experience and stability issues according to Sandrea (2017).
When the most successful professors in the world are asked how they became so successful in qualitative and effective teaching, among them, the best answers are to not think of oneself as the best but to think of the ways of how one can constantly get better and better. In the above equation, the variables associated with β_7 to β_10 may portray some obligations while trying to earn those abilities. Petek (2014) in his research paper, “The teacher as a public speaker in a classroom”, mentions that, for a lecture to be beautifully presented, an educator must observe the principles of successful public speakers in order to achieve effective communication skills with the students. Also, he suggests the teachers to be aware of their pedagogical speech. Also, in a peer-reviewed scholarly journal edited by Dorn (2005), it has been suggested that trainings in professional development in public speaking should be taken into account to improve the quality of giving lectures. Also, some professionals have suggested that intrinsic self-training like making public speaking a daily habit and learning to calm one-self is an effective way to overcome the fear of public speaking. Also, they should receive proper trainings and attend workshops on teaching skills. Gail (2008) suggests, one of the best ways to overcome stage fright in the classroom is to practice communication skills and public speaking in front of family members. Also, the more skills and experience a person has, the more likely they are to secure a teaching job that offers higher salary. So, one should always try to engage themselves in different internships, clubs and various activities related to the path of teaching career.
In conclusion, incorporating all these variables together, depending on how effectively a person is able to apply those in real life would determine their true position in the path of their teaching career.